Suman Bhattacharya

Sitarist from Imdadkhani Gharana

Patiala Gharana

The Patiala Gharana is one of the most prominent gharanas of vocal Hindustani classical music.This school of music has had a number of famous musicians, many of whom came to be patronised by the royal family of Patiyala after the disintegration of the Mughal Empire at Delhi in the 18th century.

Mian Kaalu of Delhi gharana, trained his son Ustad Ali Bux Jamail and his friend Ustad Fateh Ali (the famous Ali-a-Fattu). They received training from Haddu - Hassu of Gwalior too. This helped them to develop a unique gayaki of their own. Together, Ali Bux and Fateh Ali made a wonderful combination and presided at the Patiala darbar. Ali Bux Khan was one of their disciples and was the father and guru of the most famous Patiala exponent of 20th century, Ustad Bade Ghulam Khan. Kale Khan Kesarwale was another disciple of Ali-a-Fattu, who trained his nephew and another great master Barkat Ali Khan.

Ustad Ali Baksh & Ustad Kalay Khan 


Ustad Ali Baksh or Ali Baksh Khan was a Pakistani classical singer. He, together with his friend Fateh Ali Khan founders Patiala Gharana. 

Before the partition of India they have been the court musician in Patiala. Because of their musical skill, they were carrying the title of Jarnail (Ali Baksh) and Karnail (Fateh Ali).


Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali (c. 1902 – 25 April 1968) was born in Kasur, Punjab, British India (Now in Pakistan).His father was a famous singer, Ali Baksh Khan, in a West Punjabi family of musical heritage. At the age of seven, he learned sarangi and vocal from his paternal uncle Kale Khan, who was a singer, and after his death he trained under his father. 

Ustad Bare Ghulam Ali Khan's brother & Ghulam Ali's (current maestro) teacher, Ustad Barkat Ali Khan too has his own place among classical singers of Patiala Gharana.

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